Ayutthaya was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong. It was the capital of Thailand (then called Siam) for 417 years from 1350 until it was sacked by the Burmese army in 1767. During this era, now usually referred as the Ayutthaya period or Ayutthaya kingdom, Ayutthaya was ruled by 33 kings of 5 different dynasties. The Kingdom became a major regional player, and a trade center of the East, a meeting point of European merchants and Asian traders.
The Ayutthaya historical park covers the ruins of the old city of Ayutthaya, Thailand, which was founded by King Ramathibodi I in 1350 and was the capital of the country until its destruction by the Burmese army in 1767.
In 1969 the Fine Arts Department began with renovations of the ruins, which became more serious after it was declared a historical park in 1976. The park was declared a UNESCO World heritage site in 1991. According to “Tourism Asia,” thirty-three monarchs including King Rama IV governed from Ayutthaya.
A Cidade Histórica de Ayutthaya (พระนครศรีอยุธยา) é um Património Mundial da UNESCO na província de Ayutthaya, na Tailândia. O que resta actualmente da antiga capital da Tailândia são as magníficas ruínas dos templos e palácios que remontam aos anos 1300. Os restos do palácio real provam que o Grande Palácio de Banguecoque (Grand Palace, Bangkok) foi inspirado na arquitectura característica da cidade antiga. Ayutthaya foi fundada em 1350 pelo rei U-Thong transformando-a na capital do seu reino, conhecido como Reino de Sião (hoje Tailandia). Em 1767 Ayutthaya foi destruída pelo exército birmanês.
Documentario Tailandia Globo Reporter