Magical Peru #5: Chan Chan and the Chimú Empire

Now let’s go outside the city of Trujillo to find another archaeology site, called Chan Chan, or Huaca del Dragon! On the previous videos we visited the pyramids of Huaca de la Luna and Huaca del Sol, of the Moche ancient culture, so now we will learn about the Chimu empire!

The Chimú were the residents of Chimor, with its capital at the city of Chan Chan, a large adobe city in the Moche Valley of present-day Trujillo city. The culture arose about 900 AD. The Inca ruler Tupac Inca Yupanqui led a campaign which conquered the Chimú around 1470 AD. This was just fifty years before the arrival of the Spanish in the region. Consequently, Spanish chroniclers were able to record accounts of Chimú culture from individuals who had lived before the Inca conquest. Similarly, Archaeological evidence suggest Chimor grew out of the remnants of Moche culture; early Chimú pottery had some resemblance to that of the Moche. Their ceramics are all black, and their work in precious metals is very detailed and intricate.

We started out trip around Peru from the capital, Lima, the main entry point for foreigners arriving in Peru. From Lima, we went to Trujillo, Huanchaco, Chiclayo, Arequipa, Chivay, Canyon de Colca, Puno, Lago Titicaca, Cusco, Valle Sagrado, Aguas Caliente and, of course, Machu Pichu. On the way, we visited many archaeological sites and learnt about the ancient civilizations that made pre-Columbian Peru.

After departing Lima, we headed to the North Coast. In Trujillo we stayed at the Hotel Colonial, which you can see on the previous video. From Trujillo we visited the cities of Huanchaco and Chiclayo, and the archaeological sites of Huaca de la Luna, Huaca del Sol, Chan Chan and the tomb of the Lord of Sipán, including their museums.

Após passar algumas semanas apenas em Lima estudando espanhol e conhecendo o que a capital peruana tem a oferecer, nós partimos para explorar o país. Começando pela região Norte, fomos até Trujillo, Chiclayo, Huanchaco, Huacas del Sol e de la Luna, Chan Chan e o sítio arqueológico da Tumba do Lorde Sipán. Depois, descemos pelo Sul do Perú e terminamos nossa jornada no interior, em Machu Pichu.
Diogo Kyrillos

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